GEN 3.6  Search and rescue

1   Responsible service(s)

The Search and Rescue Service in Slovenia is organized in accordance with Standards and Recommended Practices of ICAO Annex 12 and regulated by national rule - Decree on aeronautical search and rescue (Official Gazette No. 17/19).
Civil Aviation Agency is responsible for the execution of management level of SAR services.
Aeronautical Rescue coordination Center (RCC) is LJUBLJANA ACC.
Post:Kontrola zračnega prometa Slovenije, d.o.o.
Služba območne kontrole zračnega prometa
Zgornji Brnik 130n
SI-4210 Brnik-aerodrom
Slovenia Control, Ltd.
Area Control Centre (ACC) Ljubljana
Zgornji Brnik 130n
SI-4210 Brnik-aerodrom
Phone:04 2040 110+386 4 2040 110
Fax:04 2040 098+386 4 2040 098
Designated SAR point of contact for the receipt of COSPAS SARSAT distress data is Slovenian Maritime Administration.
Post:Uprava Republike Slovenije za pomorstvo
Ukmarjev trg 2
SI-6000 Koper
Slovenian Maritime Administration
Ukmarjev trg 2
SI-6000 Koper
Phone:05 6632 108+386 5 6632 108
Fax:05 6632 110+386 5 6632 110

2   Area of responsibility

RCC is responsible for Search and Rescue within LJUBLJANA FIR.

3   Types of service

SAR Service in Slovenia is provided by Slovenia Control Ltd (ANSP) as Aeronautical Rescue Coordination Center. Police providing searching and Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief with Protection, Rescue and Relief Forces, providing rescuing.
Slovenian Maritime Administration provides maritime SAR. National COSPAS SARSAT Focal Point is Slovenian Maritime Administration.
SAR service is supported by Protection, Rescue and Relief Forces.

4   SAR agreements

No information available

5   Conditions of availability

SAR service in FIR Ljubljana is 24/7 service.

6   Procedures and signals used

Procedures and signals shall be used as defined in the Commission implementing Regulation (EU) No 923/2012 (SERA) laying down the common rules of the air and operational provisions regarding services and procedures in air navigation.
In addition to SERA regulation, procedures and signals defined in ICAO Annex 12 are used for SAR activities.
Transmission and reception of distress messages within the Slovenia search and rescue area handled in accordance with SERA.14095.
For aeronautical telecommunication during search and rescue operations the codes and abbreviations published in ICAO Doc 8400, ICAO Abbreviations and Codes, will be used.
In Slovenia the emergency frequency 121.500 MHz is operated by:
  • all aerodrome control towers during their published service hours;
6.1   Procedures for a pilot-in-command intercepting a distress transmission
Whenever a distress transmission is intercepted by a pilot-in-command of an aircraft, the pilot shall, if feasible:
  1. acknowledge the distress transmission;
  2. record the position of the craft in distress if given;
  3. take a bearing on the transmission;
  4. inform the appropriate rescue coordination centre or air traffic services unit of the distress transmission, giving all available information; and
  5. at the pilot’s discretion, while awaiting instructions, proceed to the position given in the transmission.
6.2   Search and rescue signals
6.2.1  The following air-to-surface and surface-to-air visual signals shall, when used, have the meaning as indicated. They shall be used only for the purpose indicated and no other signals likely to be confused with them shall be used.
6.2.2  Upon observing any of the following signals, aircraft shall take such action as may be required by the following interpretation of the signal.
6.2.3  Signals with surface craft  The following manoeuvres performed in sequence by an aircraft mean that the aircraft wishes to direct a surface craft towards an aircraft or a surface craft in distress:
  1. circling the surface craft at least once;
  2. crossing the projected course of the surface craft close ahead at low altitude and:
    1. rocking the wings; or
    2. opening and closing the throttle; or
    3. changing the propeller pitch.
    Note: Due to high noise level on board surface craft, the sound signals in 2) and 3) may be less effective than the visual signal in 1) and are regarded as alternative means of attracting attention.
  3. heading in the direction in which the surface craft is to be directed.
Repetition of such manoeuvres has the same meaning.  The following manoeuvres by an aircraft means that the assistance of the surface craft to which the signal is directed is no longer required:
  • crossing the wake of the surface craft close astern at a low altitude and:
    1. rocking the wings; or
    2. opening and closing the throttle; or
    3. changing the propeller pitch.
    Note: The following replies may be made by surface craft to the signal in 1.1:
  • for acknowledging receipt of signals:
    1. the hoisting of the “code pennant” (vertical red and white stripes) close up (meaning understood);
    2. the flashing of a succession of “T’s” by signal lamp in the Morse code;
    3. the changing of heading to follow the aircraft.
  • for indicating inability to comply:
    1. the hoisting of the international flag “N” (a blue and white checkered square);
    2. the flashing of a succession of “N’s” in the Morse code.
    Note: See Note following 1.1 b), 3).
6.2.4  Ground-air visual signal code  Ground-air visual signal code for use by survivors  Ground-air visual signal code for use by rescue units  Symbols shall be at least 2.5 metres (8 feet) long and shall be made as conspicuous as possible.
Note 1: Symbols may be formed by any means such as: strips of fabric, parachute material, pieces of wood, stones or such like material; marking the surface by tramping, or staining with oil.
Note 2: Attention to the above signals may be attracted by other means such as radio, flares, smoke and reflected light.
6.2.5  Air-to-ground signals  The following signals by aircraft mean that the ground signals have been understood:
  1. during the hours of daylight:
    • by rocking the aircraft’s wings;
  2. during the hours of darkness:
    • flashing on and off twice the aircraft’s landing lights or, if not so equipped, by switching on and off twice its navigation lights.  Lack of the above signal indicates that the ground signal is not understood.