ENR 1.5  Holding, approach and departure procedures

1   General

1.1  The holding, approach and departure procedures in use are based on those contained in the latest edition of ICAO DOC 8168-OPS/611 (PANS-OPS - Procedures for Air Navigation Services - Aircraft Operations).
1.2  The holding and approach procedures in use have been based on the values and factors contained in Part 2 of the PANS-OPS. The holding patterns shall be entered and flown as indicated below.
Flight level (FL)Propeller ACFT IASJet ACFT IAS
Normal conditionsTurbulence conditions
Up to FL 140 (4250 m) inclusive170 KT230 KT280 KT (Mach 0.8) whichever is less
Above FL 140 (4250 m) to FL 200 (6100 m) inclusive240 KT
Above FL 200 (6100 m) to FL 340 (10350 m) inclusive265 KT
Above FL 340 (10350 m)0.83 Mach0.83 Mach

2   Arriving flights

2.1   IFR flights entering and landing within a Terminal Control Area will be cleared to a specified holding point and instructed to contact Approach Control at a specified time, level or position. The terms of this clearance shall be adhered to until further instructions are received from Approach Control. If the clearance limit is reached before further instructions have been received holding procedure shall be carried out at the level last authorized.
2.2  Due to the limited airspace available, it is of importance that the approaches to the patterns and the holding procedures are carried out as exactly as possible.Pilots are strongly requested to inform ATC if for any reason the approach and/or holding can not be performed as required.

3   Departing flights

3.1   IFR flights departing from controlled aerodromes will receive initial ATC clearance from the local Aerodrome Control Tower. The clearance limit will normally be the aerodrome of destination.
IFR flights departing from uncontrolled aerodromes will not take-off without prior arrangements with the APP or ACC concerned.
3.2  Detailed instructions with regard to routes, turns, etc. will be issued after take-off.

4   Other relevant information and procedures

No information available.